Insteadthey went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, called bitcoin money, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to allow a performance of around two million transactions every day. In the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at \$545.00 to Bitcoins \$6,328.11.

When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug out of the ground. But bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Since its similar to gold mining in the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (just as the gold exists underground), but they havent been brought out into the light yet (like the golden hasnt yet been dug up). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to do this as a reward for creating blocks of validated transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a little, lets talk about nodes. A node is a powerful computer that runs the bitcoin applications and assists to keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin applications (totally free ) and leave a certain port open (the drawback is the fact that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing takes up about 145GB).

One node will send information to a few nodes which it knows, who will relay the information to nodes that they know, etc.. This way it ends up getting around the whole network fairly quickly. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually known as miners). These set outstanding transactions into blocks and add them to the blockchain. How can they do so by solving a intricate mathematical mystery that is a portion of the bitcoin app, and including the answer in the block. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number which, when combined with all the data in the cube and passed via a hash function, creates a result that's within a certain range.

(For fiction fans, this number is known as a nonce, which is a concatenation of number used once. In the case of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How can they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function makes it impossible to predict exactly what the output will be. So, miners suppose the mystery number and apply the hash function to the combination of that guessed number and the data in the block. The resulting hash has to start with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces that produce the desired result, or there might be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but using a different block configuration). .

The first miner to get a resulting hash within the desired range announces its victory to the rest of the network. The rest of the miners immediately cease work on that block and start trying to find out the puzzle number for your next one. As a reward for the work, the victorious miner has some new bitcoin. .

In the time of writing, the reward is 12.5 bitcoins, which at time of writing will be worth almost \$200,000.

Though its not nearly as cushy a bargain as it sounds. There are a whole lot of mining nodes competing for this benefit, and it's a question of fortune and computing power (the further guessing calculations you can execute, the luckier you're ).

Also, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only because of the powerful hardware needed (if you've got a faster processor than your opponents, you've got a better chance of finding the right number before they perform ), but also due to the large amounts of electricity that running these processors consumes. .

And, the number of bitcoins awarded as a reward for solving the mystery will decrease. Its 12.5 now, however, it pits each four decades or so (the next one is expected in 2020-21). The value of bitcoin relative to cost of power and hardware could extend up during the next few years to partially compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The check difficulty of this calculation (the necessary number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is corrected frequently, so that it takes on average approximately 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes that's the amount of time that the bitcoin developers think is necessary for a continuous and diminishing flow of new coins until the highest number of 21 million is reached (anticipated some time in 2140).